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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2012 Apr;117(1):10-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2011.10.032. Epub 2012 Jan 16.

Intimate partner violence and its association with women's reproductive health in Pakistan.

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  • 1Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany. rubeena499@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of intimate partner violence in Pakistan and its association with reproductive health outcomes.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 8 hospitals in Lahore and Sialkot between October 2008 and January 2009. Information from randomly selected ever-married women of reproductive age was collected via a structured interview. Psychologic, physical, and sexual violence was categorized as "no" or "severe" violence. Associations between reproductive health outcomes and violence were assessed by multivariate logistic regression.

RESULTS:

Among 373 women interviewed, 75.9% reported severe psychologic, 34.6% reported severe sexual, and 31.9% reported severe physical violence at least once in marital life. Women who experienced severe physical violence were more likely to have their husband's noncooperation in using contraceptives (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.31; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.93-5.68), poor prenatal care (AOR, 2.11; 95% CI, 1.23-3.69), unplanned pregnancies (AOR, 2.29; 95% CI, 1.39-3.76), and poor self-reported reproductive health (AOR, 2.95; 95% CI, 1.71-4.91) as compared with non-abused women. Similar associations existed for other types of violence.

CONCLUSION:

The results highlight the magnitude of violence and its association with reproductive health of women. Urgent action is needed to mitigate the violence and its consequential damage to health.

Copyright © 2011 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22257768
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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