Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Cardiovasc Dis. 2011;1(1):68-75. Epub 2011 May 15.

Characterization of macro-and microvascular function and structure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Author information

  • 1University Duesseldorf, Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology, and Vascular Diseases, University Hospital Duesseldorf Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Diabetes mellitus (DM) leads to accelerated progression of arteriosclerosis with an increased risk of coronary events in comparison to non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The precise and early detection of DM-induced vascular alterations is crucial to identify patients with high risk for cardiovascular complications. Thus, we aimed at simultaneously characterizing functional, physicomechanical, and structural vascular alterations in diabetic patients using a non-invasive approach.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

In CAD patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (n=50), we non-invasively measured flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery as a marker for endothelial function, fractional diameter changes (FDC) as a marker for physicomechanical properties, intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker for structural properties, and forearm blood flow (FBF) as a marker for microvascular function.

RESULTS:

DM was associated with reduced FMD (2.5±0.2 vs 4.8±0.4%; p≤0.001) indicating impaired macrovascular endothelial function. In parallel, reduced FDC (0.024±0.002 vs 0.034±0.004; p≤0.05) and increased IMT (0.38±0.01 vs 0.31±0.01mm; p≤0.001) indicated increased stiffness and enhanced structural alterations. Furthermore, reduced forearm blood flow during reactive hyperemia (10.7±1.0 vs. 15.3±1.4mL/min*100mL; p≤0.05) was found indicating microvascular dysfunction. Plasma glucose and HbA(1c) correlated with FMD (glucose: r=-0.32; HbA(1c): r=-0.45), IMT (glucose: r=0.54; HbA(1c): r=0.48) and FBF (glucose: r=-0.30) suggesting diabetes-specific effects on vascular properties.

CONCLUSION:

In patients with CAD, DM leads to functional and structural vascular alterations of the peripheral vasculature which are determined by the control of the disease underlining the relevance of a strict control of the DM to prevent accelerated atherosclerosis.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetes mellitus; coronary artery disease; endothelial function; intima media thickness; microcirculation

PMID:
22254187
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3253507
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk