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Nutrients. 2010 Mar;2(3):290-8. doi: 10.3390/nu2030290. Epub 2010 Mar 2.

Streptococcus mutans, caries and simulation models.

Author information

  • 1Danisco Finland, Kantvik, Finland. sofia.forssten@danisco.com

Abstract

Dental caries and dental plaque are among the most common diseases worldwide, and are caused by a mixture of microorganisms and food debris. Specific types of acid-producing bacteria, especially Streptococcus mutans, colonize the dental surface and cause damage to the hard tooth structure in the presence of fermentable carbohydrates e.g., sucrose and fructose. This paper reviews the link between S. mutans and caries, as well as different simulation models that are available for studying caries. These models offer a valuable approach to study cariogenicity of different substrates as well as colonization of S. mutans.

KEYWORDS:

Caries; Streptococcus mutans; artificial saliva; carbohydrates; hydroxyapatite; simulation

PMID:
22254021
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3257652
Free PMC Article
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