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PLoS One. 2012;7(1):e29883. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029883. Epub 2012 Jan 10.

A multi-cohort study of polymorphisms in the GH/IGF axis and physical capability: the HALCyon programme.

Author information

  • 1School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. tamuno.alfred@bristol.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Low muscle mass and function have been associated with poorer indicators of physical capability in older people, which are in-turn associated with increased mortality rates. The growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor (GH/IGF) axis is involved in muscle function and genetic variants in genes in the axis may influence measures of physical capability.

METHODS:

As part of the Healthy Ageing across the Life Course (HALCyon) programme, men and women from seven UK cohorts aged between 52 and 90 years old were genotyped for six polymorphisms: rs35767 (IGF1), rs7127900 (IGF2), rs2854744 (IGFBP3), rs2943641 (IRS1), rs2665802 (GH1) and the exon-3 deletion of GHR. The polymorphisms have previously been robustly associated with age-related traits or are potentially functional. Meta-analysis was used to pool within-study genotypic effects of the associations between the polymorphisms and four measures of physical capability: grip strength, timed walk or get up and go, chair rises and standing balance.

RESULTS:

Few important associations were observed among the several tests. We found evidence that rs2665802 in GH1 was associated with inability to balance for 5 s (pooled odds ratio per minor allele = 0.90, 95% CI: 0.82-0.98, p-value = 0.01, n = 10,748), after adjusting for age and sex. We found no evidence for other associations between the polymorphisms and physical capability traits.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings do not provide evidence for a substantial influence of these common polymorphisms in the GH/IGF axis on objectively measured physical capability levels in older adults.

PMID:
22253814
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3254646
Free PMC Article

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