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Mol Cancer Res. 2012 Mar;10(3):316-25. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-11-0520. Epub 2012 Jan 17.

Reduced DICER1 elicits an interferon response in endometrial cancer cells.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA. chiappinellik@wudosis.wustl.edu

Abstract

DICER1 is essential for the generation of mature miRNAs and other short noncoding RNAs. Several lines of investigation implicate DICER1 as a tumor suppressor. Reduced DICER1 levels and changes in miRNA abundance have been associated with aggressive tumor phenotypes. The global effects of reduced DICER1 on mRNA transcript abundance in tumor cells remain largely unknown. We used short hairpin RNA to stably knock down DICER1 in endometrial cancer cell lines to begin to determine how reduced DICER1 activity contributes to tumor phenotypes. DICER1 knockdown did not affect cell proliferation but caused enhanced cell migration and growth in soft agar. miRNA and mRNA profiling in KLE cells revealed overall decreases in miRNA levels and changes in the relative abundance of many mRNAs. One of the most striking changes in mRNA levels was the upregulation of IFN-stimulated genes (ISG), the majority of which lack known miRNA target sequences. IFNβ, a key upstream regulator of the IFN response, was significantly increased in DICER1 knockdowns in the AN3CA, Ishikawa, and KLE endometrial cancer cell lines and in the normal endometrial cell line EM-E6/E7/TERT. IFNβ secreted in media from KLE and EM-E6/E7/TERT shDcr cells was sufficient to activate an IFN response in HT29 cells. The reduced miRNA processing in DICER1 knockdowns was associated with increases in pre-miRNAs in the cytoplasm. Our findings suggest that elevated pre-miRNA levels trigger the IFN response to double-stranded RNA. We thus report a novel effect of reduced DICER1 function in cancer cells.

PMID:
22252463
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3307918
Free PMC Article

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