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Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging. 2012 Jan-Feb;43(1):20-4. doi: 10.3928/15428877-20111129-01.

24-Gy low-voltage x-ray irradiation with ranibizumab therapy for neovascular AMD: 6-month safety and functional outcomes.

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  • 1Associacion Para Evitar La Ceguera En Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

To describe the 6-month safety and preliminary efficacy outcomes of the use of 24-Gy radiation with intravitreal ranibizumab for patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

A single treatment of a non-invasive, externally delivered low-voltage x-ray irradiation at a dose of 24 Gy was administered in one session through three locations in the inferior pars plana in a consecutive series of patients with neo-vascular AMD (treatment naïve and previously treated). Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual acuity examinations were performed at 1 week, 1 month, and monthly thereafter with quarterly fluorescein angiography.

RESULTS:

Nineteen patients completed 6 months of follow-up. There was no evidence of radiation retinopathy, optic neuropathy, or cataract. The mean baseline ETDRS score was 38.3 ± 19.5 letters. At 6 months, the corresponding ETDRS score was 44.7 ± 16.8 letters. At 6 months, the mean change in visual acuity was 6.4 ± 9.8 ETDRS letters. Patients received an average of 0.4 additional ranibizumab injections following the initial two mandated injections.

CONCLUSION:

A single treatment of external 24-Gy low-voltage x-ray therapy in conjunction with ranibizumab demonstrated an overall improvement in visual acuity in patients with neovascular AMD at 6 months, with no radiation-related adverse effects.

Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.

PMID:
22251841
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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