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Am J Health Behav. 2012 Jan;36(1):12-9.

Classroom norms and individual smoking behavior in middle school.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate whether smoking prevalence in grade-level networks influences individual smoking, suggesting that peers are important social multipliers in teen smoking.

METHODS:

We measured gender-specific, grade-level recent and life-time smoking among urban middle-school students who participated in Project Northland Chicago in a longitudinal cohort design.

RESULTS:

Within schools, grade-level recent smoking had comparable effects on girls' and boys' individual-level smoking. Grade-level lifetime smoking had a greater effect on girls' smoking.

CONCLUSION:

Interventions can target middle school classes and schools broadly, without making the identification of friendship networks a concern.

PMID:
22251779
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3686270
Free PMC Article
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