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Pediatr Radiol. 2012 Jul;42(7):824-33. doi: 10.1007/s00247-011-2338-2. Epub 2012 Jan 17.

Contrast-enhanced sonography of malignant pediatric abdominal and pelvic solid tumors: preliminary safety and feasibility data.

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  • 1Department of Radiological Sciences, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA. beth.mccarville@stjude.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little information exists regarding pediatric contrast-enhanced US.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the safety and feasibility of contrast-enhanced US of pediatric abdominal and pelvic tumors.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This prospective study included eight boys and five girls (mean age, 10.8 years) with abdominal or pelvic tumors. Cohorts of three subjects underwent US with perflutren contrast agent at escalating dose levels. Neurological and funduscopic examination, electrocardiography and continuous pulse oximetry were performed before and after contrast administration. Three radiologists independently scored six imaging parameters on pre- and postcontrast sonography. Inter-reviewer agreement was measured by the Kappa statistic.

RESULTS:

No neurological, retinal, electrocardiographical or pulse oximetry changes were attributable to the contrast agent. Two subjects reported minor, transient symptoms. Postcontrast US parameter scores improved slightly in 8 of 12 subjects. Postcontrast ultrasound inter-reviewer agreement improved slightly for detection of tumor margins (precontrast = 0.20, postcontrast = 0.26), local tumor invasion (precontrast = -0.01, postcontrast = 0.10) and adenopathy (precontrast = 0.35, postcontrast = 0.44).

CONCLUSIONS:

Although our sample size is small, perflutren contrast agents appear to be safe and well tolerated in children. Contrast-enhanced sonography of pediatric abdominal and pelvic tumors is feasible, but larger studies are needed to define their safety and efficacy in children.

PMID:
22249601
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3400719
Free PMC Article
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