Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Jul 15;83(4):1192-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.09.023. Epub 2012 Jan 13.

Phase I trial using the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and concurrent chemoradiotherapy for head-and-neck malignancies.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Advanced head-and-neck cancer (HNC) remains a difficult disease to cure. Proteasome inhibitors such as bortezomib have the potential to improve survival over chemoradiotherapy alone. This Phase I dose-escalation study examined the potential of bortezomib in combination with cisplatin chemotherapy and concurrent radiation in the treatment of locally advanced and recurrent HNC.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Eligible patients received cisplatin once weekly at 30 mg/m(2) per week and bortezomib along with concurrent radiation. Bortezomib was given on Days 1, 4, 8, and 11 every 3 weeks, with an initial starting dose of 0.7 mg/m(2) and escalation levels of 1.0 and 1.3 mg/m(2). Dose escalation was performed only after assessment to rule out any dose-limiting toxicity.

RESULTS:

We enrolled 27 patients with HNC, including 17 patients with recurrent disease who had received prior irradiation. Patients received bortezomib dose levels of 0.7 mg/m(2) (7 patients), 1.0 mg/m(2) (10 patients), and 1.3 mg/m(2) (10 patients). No Grade 5 toxicities, 3 Grade 4 toxicities (all hematologic and considered dose-limiting toxicities), and 39 Grade 3 toxicities (in 20 patients) were observed. With a median follow-up of 7.4 months, the overall median survival was 24.7 months (48.4 months for advanced HNC patients and 15.4 months for recurrent HNC patients).

CONCLUSION:

Bortezomib in combination with radiation therapy and cisplatin chemotherapy is safe in the treatment of HNC with a bortezomib maximum tolerated dose of 1.0 mg/m(2) in patients previously treated for HNC and 1.3 mg/m(2) in radiation-naive patients.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22245208
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk