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Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Mar;23(3):99-106. doi: 10.1016/j.tem.2011.12.002. Epub 2012 Jan 11.

Oxysterols as non-genomic regulators of cholesterol homeostasis.

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  • 1Diabetic Cardiovascular Disease Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.


Tight regulation of cellular and plasma cholesterol is crucial to proper cellular functioning because excess free cholesterol is toxic to cells and is associated with atherosclerosis and heart disease. Cellular cholesterol homeostasis is regulated by enzymatically formed oxygenated cholesterol derivatives termed oxysterols. Although the effects of oxysterols on transcriptional pathways are well described, the non-transcriptional mechanisms through which oxysterols acutely modulate cellular cholesterol levels are less well understood. We present emerging evidence suggesting that the membrane biophysical properties of oxysterols underlie their acute cholesterol-regulatory functions and discuss the relevance of these acute effects to cholesterol overload in physiological and pathophysiological states.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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