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Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2012 Jan;15(1):25-40, v. doi: 10.1016/j.cvex.2011.10.001. Epub 2011 Dec 3.

Mycobacterial lesions in fish, amphibians, reptiles, rodents, lagomorphs, and ferrets with reference to animal models.

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  • 1Zoo/Exotic Pathology Service, West Sacramento, CA 95605, USA.


Mycobacteriosis is a serious disease across many animal species. Approximately more than 120 species are currently recognized in the genus Mycobacterium. This article describes the zoonotic potential of mycobacteria and mycobacteriosis in fish, amphibians, rodents, rabbits, and ferrets. It considers clinical signs; histology; molecular methods of identification, such as polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing; routes of infection; and disease progression. Studying the disease in animals may aid in understanding the pathogenesis of mycobacterial infections in humans and identify better therapy and preventative options such as vaccines.

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