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Eur J Cancer. 2012 Mar;48(4):564-70. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2011.12.015. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

A phase II trial of second-line pemetrexed in adults with advanced/metastatic osteosarcoma.

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  • 1Marseille and Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France. florence.duffaud@ap-hm.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant tumour in young adults. An effective treatment strategy for relapsed patients is still not defined. Pemetrexed is a multitargeted antifolate with a mode of action similar to, and a range of action broader than that of methotrexate. The primary objective of this phase II study was to determine tumour response rate in patients with high-grade, advanced/metastatic osteosarcoma. Secondary end-points included progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and safety.

METHODS:

Pemetrexed 500mg/m(2) was administered on day 1 of 21-day cycles with folic acid and vitamin B(12) supplementation. At least 5 tumour responses in a targeted population of 32 were required to consider further investigation.

RESULTS:

Thirty-two patients (median age, 43.3 years; range, 18.6-76.0) with 1 prior chemotherapy regimen for high-grade advanced/metastatic osteosarcoma were enrolled. Thirty (93.8%) patients had an ECOG performance status ≤ 1 and 29 (90.6%) had metastases in the lung. One patient had partial response (3.1%) and 5 (15.6%) had stable disease. Median PFS and OS were 1.4 months (95% CI: 1.4-1.7) and 5.5 months (95% CI: 2.3-10.5), respectively. The most common drug-related grade 3/4 toxicities were leukopaenia, asthaenia and elevated alanine aminotransferase in 3 (9.4%) patients each. One patient died due to multi-organ failure considered possibly related to the study drug.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pemetrexed 500mg/m(2) administered on day 1 of 21-day cycles as second-line treatment to patients with advanced/metastatic high-grade osteosarcoma was generally well tolerated but did not meet minimal response expectations for further investigation in this patient population.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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