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Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2012;51(3):159-67. doi: 10.3233/CH-2011-1517.

Subcutaneous adipose tissue blood flow and vasomotion in morbidly obese patients: long term effect of gastric bypass surgery.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, University-Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. mrossi@int.med.unipi.it

Abstract

Since recent findings suggest a relationship between reduction in adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) and metabolic or vascular complications in obese patients (Ob-pts), increase in ATBF may be considered as a further goal in the treatment of obesity, besides fat mass reduction. Therefore, this preliminary study aimed at assess subcutaneous ATBF and vasomotion in morbidly obese patients and whether sustained weight loss induced by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) affects the same parameters. Using laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF) and spectral Fourier analysis, subcutaneous ATBF was measured and subcutaneous ATBF oscillations (ATBF-O) were analyzed - within three frequency intervals related to vasomotion - in 16 Ob-pts, before and about one year after RYGB, and in 10 lean, healthy control subjects (CS). Before RYGB, Ob-Pts showed an important reduction in subcutaneous ATBF compared to CS (4.8 ± 2.7 PU vs 79.9 ± 34.5 PU, respectively; p < 0.0001), as well as higher normalized power spectral density (N-PSD) values of subcutaneous ATBF-O, - related to vasomotion. One year after RYGB, sustained weight loss in Ob-pts was associated with a slight but significant increase in subcutaneous ATBF (10.0 ± 6.6 PU, p < 0.05) and with almost complete normalization in N-PSD values of ATBF-O, related to vasomotion, compared to before RYGB. The slight subcutaneous ATBF increase, we observed in Ob-pts after sustained weight loss, moves toward a desirable goal. This finding suggests verifying whether an even more sustained weight loss in Ob-pts could determine a greater increase in subcutaneous ATBF and/or, more importantly, it could also determine a significant increase in visceral ATBF.

Comment in

  • Restoring ATBF: Dreaming the impossible dream? [Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2013]
PMID:
22240375
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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