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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Jan;86(1):39-45. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0597.

Social and news media enable estimation of epidemiological patterns early in the 2010 Haitian cholera outbreak.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. rumi@alum.mit.edu

Abstract

During infectious disease outbreaks, data collected through health institutions and official reporting structures may not be available for weeks, hindering early epidemiologic assessment. By contrast, data from informal media are typically available in near real-time and could provide earlier estimates of epidemic dynamics. We assessed correlation of volume of cholera-related HealthMap news media reports, Twitter postings, and government cholera cases reported in the first 100 days of the 2010 Haitian cholera outbreak. Trends in volume of informal sources significantly correlated in time with official case data and was available up to 2 weeks earlier. Estimates of the reproductive number ranged from 1.54 to 6.89 (informal sources) and 1.27 to 3.72 (official sources) during the initial outbreak growth period, and 1.04 to 1.51 (informal) and 1.06 to 1.73 (official) when Hurricane Tomas afflicted Haiti. Informal data can be used complementarily with official data in an outbreak setting to get timely estimates of disease dynamics.

PMID:
22232449
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3247107
Free PMC Article
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