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Neuron. 1990 Nov;5(5):651-62.

A neuronal cell line (PC12) expresses two beta 1-class integrins-alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1-that recognize different neurite outgrowth-promoting domains in laminin.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco 94143.


Integrins mediate neuronal process outgrowth on components of the ECM. Integrin alpha subunit-specific antibodies have been used to examine the roles of individual beta 1 integrins in attachment and neurite outgrowth by the neuronal cell line, PC12, in response to laminin and collagen. alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1 were identified as the major beta 1 integrins expressed by PC12 cells. In functional assays, both alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1 mediated PC12 cell interactions with laminin, whereas alpha 1 beta 1 alone mediated responses to collagen types I and IV. alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1 were shown to recognize two different neurite-promoting sites in laminin: alpha 1 beta 1 interacted with the cross-region of laminin present in proteolytic fragments E1-4 and E1; alpha 3 beta 1 recognized a site in the long arm contained in laminin fragment E8. Thus, PC12 cells express two beta 1 integrins, which together function in attachment and neurite outgrowth on laminin and collagen. These integrins are candidates for mediating neurite outgrowth of sympathetic and other neurons in response to these ECM components.

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