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Am J Ind Med. 2013 Jan;56(1):49-57. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22004. Epub 2012 Jan 6.

Health behaviors and occupational stress of Brazilian civil servants living in an urban center.

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  • 1Observatory for Urban Health/Epidemiology Research Group, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Occupational stress and unhealthy lifestyles are common characteristics of urban workers. The association between health behaviors and job stress of urban Brazilian civil servants was studied.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study included 893 workers. Health markers, the dependent variables, were: Fruit/vegetable (FV) and alcohol (A) intake, physical activity (PA), including at work (PAW), smoking (S), BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m(2). Occupational stress, assessed by Job Stress Scale-Brazilian version, classified employees into: High-strain, Low-strain, Active, and Passive. Prevalence rates and multivariate Poisson models were adopted.

RESULTS:

On average, employees (mean age = 40.2 years; 69.1% female) reported healthy lifestyle factors: FV (56%); PA (59.7%); S (13.3%); however, 49.4% were overweight. Compared to low-strain, high-strain workers reported higher PAW; passive workers lesser PA and higher PAW. After adjusting for socio-demographics and work characteristics, the occupational stress dimensions were no longer associated to health behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results do not support the hypothesis of an effect for occupational stress on urban employees' health behaviors.

Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID:
22228199
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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