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Int J Qual Health Care. 2012 Apr;24(2):152-60. doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzr080. Epub 2012 Jan 2.

Changes in clients' care ratings after HIV prevention training of hospital workers in Malawi.

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  • 1Kamuzu College of Nursing, University of Malawi, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the changes in clients' health-care ratings before and after hospital workers received an HIV prevention intervention in Malawi, which increased the workers' personal and work-related HIV prevention knowledge, attitudes and preventive behaviors.

DESIGN:

Pre- and post-intervention client surveys.

SETTING:

A large urban referral hospital in Malawi.

PARTICIPANTS:

Clients at purposefully selected inpatient and outpatient units on designated days (baseline, n = 310 clients; final, n = 683).

INTERVENTION:

Ten-session peer-group intervention for health workers focused on HIV transmission, personal and work-related prevention, treating clients and families respectfully and incorporating HIV-related teaching.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Brief face-to-face clients' interview obtaining ratings of confidentiality of HIV, whether HIV-related teaching occurred and ratings of service quality.

RESULTS:

Compared with baseline, at the final survey, clients reported higher confidence about confidentiality of clients' HIV status (83 vs. 75%, P < 0.01) and more clients reported that a health worker talked to them about HIV and AIDS (37 versus 28%, P < 0.01). More clients rated overall health services as 'very good' (five-item mean rating, 68 versus 59%, P < 0.01) and this was true for both inpatients and outpatients examined separately. However, there was no improvement in ratings of the courtesy of laboratory or pharmacy workers or of the adequacy of treatment instructions in the pharmacy.

CONCLUSIONS:

HIV prevention training for health workers can have positive effects on clients' ratings of services, including HIV-related confidentiality and teaching, and should be scaled-up throughout Malawi and in other similar countries. Hospitals need to improve laboratory and pharmacy services.

PMID:
22215760
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3297367
Free PMC Article
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