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Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2012 Jun;27(6):637-42. doi: 10.1002/gps.2763. Epub 2011 Dec 23.

Pattern of cognitive impairment in older veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder evaluated at a memory disorders clinic.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. ScottM@lppi.ucsf.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We determined the pattern of clinically significant cognitive impairment (CI) among older veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) evaluated in a memory disorders clinic.

METHODS:

Data were collected from 19 ethnically diverse veterans. Cognitive functioning in six domains (verbal learning, memory, attention, language, executive functioning, and information processing speed) was assessed.

RESULTS:

The majority of veterans (57%) demonstrated CI on a measure of single trial list learning, 44% exhibited CI on short delay memory for lists, and 31% exhibited CI in long delay memory for lists. CI on measures of memory for stories (14%) and executive functioning (6%) were less common, and none of the participants demonstrated CI on measures of attention, language, or information processing speed.

CONCLUSIONS:

CI on measures of single trial list learning and memory for lists are common in older patients with PTSD evaluated in a memory disorders clinic and are likely to contribute to functional deficits.

Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID:
22213461
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3685474
Free PMC Article
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