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Int J Cancer. 2012 Oct 1;131(7):1509-16. doi: 10.1002/ijc.27421. Epub 2012 Feb 28.

DNA methylation of the CYP1A1 enhancer is associated with smoking-induced genetic alterations in human lung.

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  • 1Section for Toxicology, Department of Biological and Chemical Working Environment, National Institute of Occupational Health, Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

CYP1A1 (cytochrome P4501A1) catalyze the conversion of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons into reactive metabolites, which may induce DNA damage. We hypothesized that DNA methylation of the CYP1A1 enhancer could be involved in inter-individual differences in mRNA levels of CYP1A1 or affect the smoking-induced DNA damage in human lung. Using DNA bisulfite conversion and pyrosequencing, we show that DNA methylation of the CYP1A1 enhancer is affected by smoking. In adjacent histologically normal lung from lung cancer patients (n = 120), low levels of DNA methylation of the CYP1A1 enhancer were related to high levels of smoking-induced hydrophobic DNA adduct (p < 0.03), and to the presence of TP53 or K-ras mutations in the corresponding lung tumors (p < 0.03). We found an inverse correlation between DNA methylation of the CYP1A1 enhancer and mRNA levels in vivo (Spearman r = -0.54; p < 0.0001). Thus, in lung tumor tissues, the CYP1A1 enhancer hypermethylation was associated with lower mRNA levels compared to adjacent histologically normal tissue (p < 0.0001). In vitro, using a panel of cultured human lung cells, we found hypermethylation of the CYP1A1 enhancer in cancer cell lines and an inverse correlation between DNA methylation and mRNA levels (Spearman r = -0.53; p = 0.003). Altogether, our results indicated that low levels of DNA methylation of the CYP1A1 enhancer in histologically normal human lung were associated with high CYP1A1 mRNA levels and with smoking-induced genetic alterations; thus, it may play a role in the initiation of lung carcinogenesis.

Copyright © 2011 UICC.

PMID:
22213191
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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