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J Nerv Ment Dis. 2012 Jan;200(1):88-90. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31823fafb9.

Peritraumatic reactions and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms after psychiatric admission.

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  • 1Université de Toulouse; UPS; Laboratoire du Stress Traumatique (LST-EA 4560), CHU de Toulouse, Hôpital Casselardit, 170 av. de Casselardit, Toulouse Cedex 9, France.

Abstract

The present study aimed to explore exposure to stressful events during a psychiatric admission and the predictive power of peritraumatic distress and dissociation in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms after exposure to such events. Psychiatric inpatients (N = 239) were asked to report exposure to stressful events during their admission within 48 hours of being admitted. Individuals reporting at least one stressful event during admission (n = 70, 29%) were assessed for peritraumatic dissociation and distress in relation to this event and, 5 weeks later, were reassessed for PTSD symptoms. Eight participants (12.3%) scored above the cutoff for probable PTSD. Multiple regression analyses revealed that peritraumatic distress was a significant predictor of 5-week PTSD symptoms. Our findings suggest that individuals experiencing increased peritraumatic distress in relation to a stressful event experienced during a psychiatric admission might be at risk of PTSD symptoms and might benefit from increased attention.

PMID:
22210368
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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