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Hum Pathol. 2012 May;43(5):619-28. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2011.09.002. Epub 2011 Dec 29.

"Intrafollicular neoplasia" of nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma: description of a hypothetic early step of the disease.

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  • 1Division of Pathology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico Aviano, Istituto Nazionale Tumori, IRCCS, 33081 Aviano, Italy. acarbone@cro.it

Abstract

The 2008 WHO Classification of Tumours of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues has addressed the problem of intrafollicular neoplasia/"in situ" lesion for follicular lymphoma. The concept of intrafollicular neoplasia has also been proposed for other lymphomas in which the putative normal counterpart of the tumor cell is located in the germinal center or the mantle zone or the marginal zone of the follicle. However, unlike in situ follicular lymphoma, the precise histologic definition of this early lesion for other lymphomas is still lacking. When applied to nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma, another germinal center-derived lymphoma, "intrafollicular neoplasia" may be regarded as a neoplasia at an early stage of development, such as in situ follicular lymphoma. Interestingly, this early lesion can be observed in lymph nodes that otherwise show the most common nodular involvement by nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma. The recognition of intrafollicular neoplasia is based on the identification of typical, strongly stained BCL6+, lymphocyte predominant tumor cells located within altered follicles with a recognizable germinal center. Lymphocyte predominant tumor cells, surrounded by rosetting PD1+ T cells, reside in an environment reminiscent of a secondary follicle. Intrafollicular neoplasia in nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma is correctly identifiable based on immunohistochemical recognition of the CD23+ meshwork of follicular dendritic cells surrounded by an outer zone containing immunoglobulin D+ B cells. This immunoarchitectural pattern, highlighting the intrafollicular involvement by the neoplasia, is of great utility for diagnosis. An appropriate immunohistochemical characterization for diagnosis should include lymphocyte predominant (BCL6 and CD20) and microenvironmental (CD23, immunoglobulin D, and PD1) cell markers.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22209342
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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