Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2012 Oct;20(10):1971-7. Epub 2011 Dec 30.

Subacromial patient-controlled analgesia with ropivacaine provides effective pain control after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

Author information

  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, National Medical Center, 243 Euljiro, Jung-gu, Seoul, Korea.



To investigate the postoperative analgesic effect of subacromial patient-controlled analgesia (SA-PCA) with ropivacaine in comparison with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.


Sixty patients were prospectively randomized into one of the two types of analgesics for 48 h after the operation. In the SA-PCA group, patients received 0.5% ropivacaine at a rate of 2 ml/h with a patient-controlled bolus dose of 2 ml. In the IV-PCA group, patients received intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. Pain relief was regularly assessed using visual analog scale (VAS) for 48 h, and side effects were noted.


The postoperative pain VAS at 1 h after the operation was lower for the SA-PCA group (4.3 ± 2.7) than for the IV-PCA group (6.3 ± 2.6, P = 0.009). The frequency of requested bolus doses by patients in the IV-PCA (19 ± 19) was higher than in the SA-PCA (7 ± 10, P = 0.04). Rescue opioid or NSAID requirements were not different. More patients in the IV-PCA (17/30) experienced nausea than in the SA-PCA (7/30, P = 0.03). Patient satisfaction was higher in the SA-PCA than in the IV-PCA [6.7 (3-10) vs. 5.6 (0-8), P = 0.04]. The mean total venous plasma concentration of ropivacaine at 8 and 24 h was below the maximum tolerated venous plasma concentration, and symptoms of systemic toxicity were not noted during 48 h in the SA-PCA.


The analgesic effect of subacromial patient-controlled analgesia with ropivacaine was better than intravenous analgesia during the immediate postoperative period with fewer side effects.


Therapeutic study, Level I.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk