Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2012 Jan;93(1 Suppl):S46-52. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.05.029.

Melodic Intonation Therapy: present controversies and future opportunities.

Author information

  • 1Rotterdam Neurorehabilitation Research, Rijndam Rehabilitation Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.


This article describes the state of the art of Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT), a structured aphasia therapy program using the melodic aspects of language (intonation, rhythm, and stress) to improve language production. MIT was developed in the 1970s and is still used worldwide. Nevertheless, we argue that many questions crucial for the clinical application of MIT are still unanswered. First, a review of MIT effect studies is presented showing that evidence from well-designed group studies is still lacking. It is also unclear which aspects of MIT contribute most to its therapeutic effect and which underlying neural mechanisms are involved. Two cases are presented illustrating unsolved questions concerning MIT in clinical practice, such as candidacy and the best timing of this therapy.

Copyright © 2012 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk