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Angiogenesis. 2012 Mar;15(1):131-9. doi: 10.1007/s10456-011-9248-7. Epub 2011 Dec 25.

Inhibition of hemangioma development in a syngeneic mouse model correlates with bcl-2 suppression and the inhibition of Akt kinase activity.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, P.O. Box 2034, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. peace.mabeta@up.ac.za

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors that are characterised by excessive angiogenesis. While there is no definitive treatment for these tumors, several angiogenesis inhibitors, including bleomycin, have been employed. To better understand the mechanism of bleomycin in accelerating haemangioma regression, we investigated the effects of the drug on hemangiomagenesis using a previously described mouse hemangioma model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The effects of bleomycin were tested in mice injected with endothelioma cells to induce hemangioma development. At termination, tissue samples from bleomycin-treated and control mice were stained with hematoxylin and eosin for histological examination. Bcl-2, flk-1 and vWF expression were studied by immunofluorescence microscopy. Hematological analysis was undertaken using a hemocounter. Akt activity was analyzed in tissue homogenates and endothelioma cells using ELISA. Also, caspase activity was analysed in endothelioma cells by ELISA.

RESULTS:

Bleomycin inhibited tumor growth in vivo in a dose-dependant manner. Our findings also revealed that bleomycin inhibited Akt activation and suppressed bcl-2. In vitro bleomycin increased caspase activation.

CONCLUSION:

Our observations reveal possible mechanisms for the inhibitory effects of bleomycin on hemangiomagenesis, and raise the possibility that bcl-2 might be an important therapeutic target in the treatment of hemangiomas.

PMID:
22198238
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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