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Prog Urol. 2012 Jan;22(1):7-12. doi: 10.1016/j.purol.2011.07.009. Epub 2011 Sep 23.

[Benign prostatic hyperplasia medical treatment: systematic review of the literature by the CTMH/AFU].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Service d'urologie, CHU de Bordeaux, université Bordeaux-Segalen, place Amélie-Raba-Léon, 33000 Bordeaux, France. gregoire.robert@chu-bordeaux.fr

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES:

The medical treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS-BPH) has dramatically evolved within the last years: new drugs have been commercialized and others that used to be contra-indicated may now be prescribed. Our objective was to provide with an updated review of the scientific literature on the medical treatment of LUTS-BPH.

PATIENT AND METHOD:

A systematic review of the most recent scientific literature was performed. The query was addressed to the PubMed database using the following keywords: "benign prostatic hyperplasia" and "medical treatment". A very large amount of publications, from year 1990 until 2011, were reviewed to select the publications with level of evidence 1 and 2. These publications were analysed and the 30 most relevant were selected to serve as references for this article.

RESULTS:

There are many randomized clinical trials in the field of LUTS-BPH medical treatment. Recently, anti-muscarinic agents have been assessed and have proven their efficacy and tolerance as long as the storage symptoms are predominant over the voiding symptoms. Combination therapies using alpha-blockers and 5-alpha reductase (5-ARI) inhibitors, but also anti-muscarinic agents and PDEF-5 inhibitors may also be prescribed depending on the patient' complaint.

CONCLUSION:

The publication of recent randomized clinical trials allows the urologists to use new drugs and new combination therapies in the medical treatment of LUTS-BPH. In 2011, the medical treatment decision-making may better integrate the patient' complaint and medical history.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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