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PLoS One. 2011;6(12):e28760. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028760. Epub 2011 Dec 14.

HIV risk among MSM in Senegal: a qualitative rapid assessment of the impact of enforcing laws that criminalize same sex practices.

Author information

  • 1Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America. tpoteat@jhsph.edu

Abstract

Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk for HIV in Senegal, with a prevalence of 21.5%. In December 2008, nine male HIV prevention workers were imprisoned for "acts against nature" prohibited by Senegalese law. This qualitative study assessed the impact of these arrests on HIV prevention efforts. A purposive sample of MSM in six regions of Senegal was recruited by network referral. 26 in-depth interviews (IDIs) and 6 focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted in July-August 2009. 14 key informants were also interviewed. All participants reported pervasive fear and hiding among MSM as a result of the December 2008 arrests and publicity. Service providers suspended HIV prevention work with MSM out of fear for their own safety. Those who continued to provide services noticed a sharp decline in MSM participation. An effective response to the HIV epidemic in Senegal should include active work to decrease enforcement of this law.

PMID:
22194906
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3237497
Free PMC Article
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