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Ann Clin Biochem. 2012 Jan;49(Pt 1):68-74. doi: 10.1258/acb.2011.011161. Epub 2011 Dec 22.

Lower value of glycated haemoglobin relative to glycaemic control in diabetic patients with end-stage renal disease not on haemodialysis.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Kawashima Hospital, Tokushima 770-8540, Japan. skenji@mb.pikara.ne.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) concentration is lower relative to glyacemic control in diabetic patients on haemodialysis. However, it is unknown as to whether this is also true for diabetic patients with end-stage renal disease but not on haemodialysis.

METHODS:

Correlations between HbA1c or glycated albumin (GA) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (determined by serum creatinine concentration, sex and age) were investigated in 86 diabetic patients with renal dysfunction not on dialysis. The mean values of HbA1c and of red blood cell (RBC) lifespan were compared among four groups of patients: Group 1 (n = 30, eGFR ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2)), Group 2 (n = 30, eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) but ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m(2)), Group 3 (n = 13, eGFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m(2) but ≥15 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) and Group 4 (n = 13, eGFR < 15 mL/min/1.73 m(2) without haemodialysis). RBC lifespan was determined in each subject from the difference between alveolar carbon monoxide (CO) concentration and atmospheric CO concentration.

RESULTS:

HbA1c was significantly correlated with eGFR (r = 0.37, P = 0.0004), but GA was not. The HbA1c values in Group 3 (6.8 ± 0.6%) and Group 4 (6.3 ± 0.5%) were significantly lower than that in Group 1 (7.4 ± 0.8%), but there was no difference between Group 2 (7.2 ± 0.7%) and Group 1. There was a significant correlation between RBC lifespan and eGFR, and the mean RBC lifespan in Group 3 (96 ± 35 d) and Group 4 (94 ± 30 d) were significantly shorter than that in Group 1 (127 ± 30 d).

CONCLUSIONS:

Diabetic patients with stage 4 or 5 chronic kidney disease not on haemodialysis had significantly lower values of HbA1c and shorter RBC lifespan compared with diabetic patients without renal dysfunction.

PMID:
22194360
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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