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Mol Plant Pathol. 2012 Aug;13(6):546-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2011.00769.x. Epub 2011 Dec 22.

The evolution of the Gp-Rbp-1 gene in Globodera pallida includes multiple selective replacements.

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  • 1INRA, UMR 1099 Bio3P INRA/Agrocampus Ouest/Université Rennes 1, F-35653 Le Rheu, France.

Abstract

The Globodera pallida SPRYSEC Gp-Rbp-1 gene encodes a secreted protein which induces effector-triggered immunity (ETI) mediated by the Solanum tuberosum disease resistance gene Gpa2. Nonetheless, it is not known how the Andes orogeny, the richness in Solanum species found along the Cordillera or the introduction of the nematode into Europe have affected the diversity of Gp-Rbp-1 and its recognition by Gpa2. We generated a dataset of 157 highly polymorphic Gp-Rbp-1 sequences and identified three Gp-Rbp-1 evolutionary pathways: the 'Northern Peru', 'Peru clade I/European' and 'Chilean' paths. These may have been shaped by passive dispersion of the nematode and by climatic variations that have influenced the nature and diversity of wild host species. We also confirmed that, by an analysis of the selection pressures acting on Gp-Rbp-1, this gene has evolved under positive/diversifying selection, but differently among the three evolutionary pathways described. Using this extended sequence dataset, we were able to detect eight sites under positive selection. Six sites appear to be of particular interest because of their predicted localization to the extended loops of the B30.2 domain and/or support by several computational methods. The P/S 187 position was previously identified for its effect on the interaction with GPA2. The functional importance of the other five amino acid polymorphisms observed was investigated using Agrobacterium transient transformation assays. None of these new residues, however, appears to be directly involved in Gpa2-mediated plant defence mechanisms. Thus, the P/S polymorphism observed at position 187 remains the sole variation sufficient to explain the recognition of Gp-Rbp-1 by Gpa2.

© 2011 The Authors. Molecular Plant Pathology © 2011 BSPP and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

PMID:
22192092
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3440577
Free PMC Article

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