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Med Dosw Mikrobiol. 2011;63(1):73-80.

[Reliability of the cut-off value in the routine serodiagnosis of pertussis performed by the commercial ELISA assays].

[Article in Polish]

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  • 1Zakład Bakteriologii NIZP-PZH w Warszawie.

Abstract

In clinical practise, serodiagnosis of pertussis is mostly based on single-sample serology using a single cut-off. The reliability of the cut-off value has the crucial influence for the sensitivity and specificity of the used tests. In this context we compared the value of cut-off used in two commercial ELISA kits (NovaLisa Bordetella pertussis-NovaTec and ELISA Bordetella pertussis ELISA-Virotech) with cut-off settled by calculation the IgA and IgG results from the 60 healthy Polish children and 100 blood donors (arithmetic mean plus 2 or 3 standard deviations). Our study indicates that IgA cutoff used in NovaTec ELISA, in contrary to Virotech ELISA, correspond better to the level x+3SD calculated in children sera and x+2SD calculated in adult blood donors sera. The value of IgG cut-off used in Virotech ELISA was lower about 20% and 30% from the cut-off settled by us respectively on the level ofx+2SD and x+3SD in all tested sera. The most inadequate value had the IgG cut-offused in NovaTec ELISA, which was over three times lower than mean cut-off value settled by calculation results from the sera obtained from healthy children and blood donors. This low cut-off value established by the NovaTec was the reason that 23.3% of healthy children and 55.0% of blood donors have the IgG antibodies on the diagnostic significant level. Our data suggest that commercial ELISAs need further improvement and standardization.

PMID:
22184900
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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