Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Feb 15;18(4):1092-100. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-11-2378. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Phase I study of bosutinib, a src/abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor, administered to patients with advanced solid tumors.

Author information

  • 1H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida, USA. adaud@medicine.ucsf.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Bosutinib, a potent ATP-competitive, quinolinecarbonitrile Src/Abl kinase inhibitor, was tested in this first-in-human phase I trial in patients with advanced solid tumor malignancies.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

This trial was conducted in 2 parts. In part 1 (dose escalation), increasing oral bosutinib doses were administered using a 3 + 3 design. In part 2 (dose expansion), approximately 30 patients each with refractory colorectal, pancreas, or non-small cell lung cancer were treated at the recommended phase II dose (RP2D). Primary efficacy endpoints for part 2 were median progression-free survival (colorectal and non-small cell lung) and median overall survival (pancreas).

RESULTS:

In part 1, dose-limiting toxicities of grade 3 diarrhea (two patients) and grade 3 rash occurred with bosutinib 600 mg/day and the maximum tolerated dose identified was 500 mg/day. However, the majority of patients treated with 500 mg/day had grade 2 or greater gastrointestinal toxicity, and 400 mg/day was identified as the RP2D. The most common bosutinib-related adverse events were nausea (60% patients), diarrhea (47%), vomiting (40%), fatigue (38%), and anorexia (36%). Bosutinib had a mean half-life of 19 to 20 hours at the RP2D. A partial response (breast) and unconfirmed complete response (pancreas) were observed; 8 of 112 evaluable patients had stable disease for 22 to 101 weeks. However, the primary efficacy endpoints for part 2 were not met.

CONCLUSIONS:

Bosutinib was generally well tolerated in patients with solid tumors, with the main toxicity being gastrointestinal. The RP2D was 400 mg/day orally. Further study of bosutinib is planned in combination regimens.

©2011 AACR.

PMID:
22179664
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk