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Fitoterapia. 2012 Apr;83(3):434-40. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2011.12.003. Epub 2011 Dec 9.

Anticandidal activity of curcumin and methyl cinnamaldehyde.

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  • 1Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi-110025, India.

Abstract

Cinnamaldehyde, its derivatives and curcumin are reported to have strong antifungal activity. In this work we report and compare anticandidal activity of curcumin (CUR) and α-methyl cinnamaldehyde (MCD) against 38 strains of Candida (3; standard, fluconazole sensitive, 24; clinical, fluconazole sensitive, 11; clinical, fluconazole resistant). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC₉₀) of CUR ranged from 250 to 650 μg/ml for sensitive strains and from 250 to 500 μg/ml for resistant strains. MIC₉₀ of MCD varied between 100 and 250 μg/ml and 100-200 μg/ml for sensitive and resistant strains, respectively. Higher activity of MCD as compared to CUR was further reinforced by spot assays and growth curve studies. At their respective MIC₉₀ values, in the presence of glucose, average inhibition of H+-efflux caused by CUR and MCD against standard, clinical and resistant isolates was 24%, 31%, 32% and 54%, 52%, 54%, respectively. Inhibition of H+-extrusion leads to intracellular acidification and cell death, average pHi for control, CUR and MCD exposed cells was 6.68, 6.39 and 6.20, respectively. Scanning electron micrographs of treated cells show more extensive damage in case of MCD. Haemolytic activity of CUR and MCD at their highest MIC was 11.45% and 13.00%, respectively as against 20% shown by fluconazole at typical MIC of 30 μg/ml. In conclusion, this study shows significant anticandidal activity of CUR and MCD against both azole-resistant and sensitive clinical isolates, MCD is found to be more effective.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22178679
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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