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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2012 Feb 15;368(1):139-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2011.11.044. Epub 2011 Dec 1.

Preparation of thermally stable well-dispersed water-soluble CdTe quantum dots in montmorillonite clay host media.

Author information

  • School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, University of Newcastle, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK. yuancheng.cao@newcastle.ac.uk


In this work, a method to prepare a thermally stable QDs/clay powder is reported. First, several water soluble CdTe QDs characterised by different size-dependent emission wavelengths were synthesised through wet chemistry. Montmorillonite-Na(+) clay in water was dispersed into a muddy suspension by sonication. Then, the clay-water suspension was used as the host media for CdTe QDs to prepare the QDs/clay powder by freeze drying. The experiments showed that QDs/clay powder could be re-dispersed in water without changing the luminescent property of the QDs; this process was reversible. EDX showed that Cd and Te elements existed in the QDs/clay powder and the XRD tests showed that the clay [001] reflection peaks for raw clay, QDs (λ(em)=514 nm)/clay and QDs (λ(em)=560 nm)/clay were the same, namely 2θ=7.4°. Finally, QDs/clay powder was applied to the HDPE polymer extrusion process at 200 °C to produce thin films; the resultant QDs-polymer nanocomposite film exhibited strong fluorescence.

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