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J Adolesc. 2012 Apr;35(2):273-87. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.10.010. Epub 2011 Dec 15.

Feeling disrespected by parents: refining the measurement and understanding of psychological control.

Author information

  • 1JHB115, Department of Child and Family Studies, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. bbarber1@utk.edu


This study investigated parental psychological control of adolescents when construed as disrespect of individuality. First, 120 adolescents from 5 cultures were interviewed and asked to identify specific parental behaviors that communicated to them that they were disrespected as individuals. The interview data were coded and 8 new survey items were constructed to reflect key content. These items were then administered to 2100 adolescents in the same cultures along with a traditional measure of psychological control (PCS). Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that model fit was better when the two scales were kept separate, across culture and sex of parent. In structural equation models, the new scale - labeled Psychological Control - Disrespect - accounted for all and more of the variance in youth depression and antisocial behavior than the PCS did. The discussion centers on the validation the study makes of the construct and offers several suggestions for future research.

Copyright © 2011 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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