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Am J Prev Med. 2012 Jan;42(1):71-5. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.09.028.

Seasonal influenza vaccination reminders for children with high-risk conditions: a registry-based randomized trial.

Author information

  • 1Child Health Evaluation and Research (CHEAR) Unit, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5456, USA. kjd@med.umich.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Children with chronic conditions have an increased risk of complications from influenza and have low influenza vaccination rates.

PURPOSE:

To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of using a statewide immunization information system (IIS) for seasonal influenza vaccine reminders from local health departments (LHDs) targeting children with high-risk conditions.

DESIGN:

A randomized community intervention.

SETTING/PARTICIPANTS:

The study was conducted in a population of 3618 children aged 24-60 months with a high-risk condition residing in three Michigan counties. Children were identified using a statewide IIS in October 2008.

INTERVENTION:

Children were randomized to intervention (reminder) or control (no reminder) groups. Reminders for seasonal influenza vaccination were mailed by LHDs in November 2008.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Feasibility of notification (address validity, address deliverability) was assessed (November 2008-February 2009), and frequencies of notification feasibility measures were determined (analyses conducted in 2010). Effectiveness of notification (seasonal influenza vaccine receipt) was assessed using bivariate logistic regression.

RESULTS:

Among 3618 children with a high-risk condition, 2730 (75.5%) had not received a 2008-2009 influenza vaccination and were eligible at the time of notification. Among children assigned to the reminder group (n=1374), 42.6% had an address determined to be either invalid, undeliverable, or both. Among those with valid addresses (n=2001), a greater percentage of children with deliverable reminders received at least one influenza vaccination (30.8%) during the outcome observation period than did children assigned to no reminder (24.3%, OR=1.39, 95% CI=1.13, 1.72); children with an undeliverable reminder had an influenza vaccination rate (22.8%) similar to children assigned to no reminder.

CONCLUSIONS:

Receipt of a reminder was positively associated with seasonal influenza vaccination. However, more than 40% of children assigned to receive a reminder were determined to have an invalid or undeliverable address, emphasizing the need for increased quality of IIS contact information.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

This study is registered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01431183.

Copyright © 2012 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22176850
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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