Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cell Biochem. 2012 May;113(5):1501-13. doi: 10.1002/jcb.24019.

Activation of Notch-1 enhances epithelial-mesenchymal transition in gefitinib-acquired resistant lung cancer cells.

Author information

  • 1State Key Laboratory of Oncology in Southern China and Department of Medical Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, 651 Dong Feng Road East, Guangzhou, China. xiemiangle76@163.com

Abstract

Despite an initial response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) in EGFR mutant lung cancer, most patients eventually become resistant and result in treatment failure. Recent studies have shown that epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is associated with drug resistance and cancer cell metastasis. Strong multiple gene signature data indicate that EMT acts as a determinant of insensitivity to EGFR-TKI. However, the exact mechanism for the acquisition of the EMT phenotype in EGFR-TKI resistant lung cancer cells remains unclear. In the present study, we showed that the expression of Notch-1 was highly upregulated in gefitinib-resistant PC9/AB2 lung cancer cells. Notch-1 receptor intracellular domain (N1IC), the activated form of the Notch-1 receptor, promoted the EMT phenotype in PC9 cells. Silencing of Notch-1 using siRNA reversed the EMT phenotype and restored sensitivity to gefitinib in PC9/AB2 cells. Moreover, Notch-1 reduction was also involved in inhibition of anoikis as well as colony-formation activity of PC9/AB2 cells. Taken together, these results provide strong molecular evidence that gefitinib-acquired resistance in lung cancer cells undergoing EMT occurs through activation of Notch-1 signaling. Thus, inhibition of Notch-1 can be a novel strategy for the reversal of the EMT phenotype thereby potentially increasing therapeutic drug sensitivity to lung cancer cells.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID:
22173954
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk