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Midwifery. 2012 Dec;28(6):e874-9. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2011.10.012. Epub 2011 Dec 14.

A non-randomised trial investigating the cost-effectiveness of Midwifery Group Practice compared with standard maternity care arrangements in one Australian hospital.

Author information

  • 1School of Nursing and Midwifery, Research Centre for Clinical and Community Practice Innovation, Griffith University, University Drive, Meadowbrook 4131, Australia. j.toohill@griffith.edu.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

to compare cost-effectiveness of two models of maternity service delivery: Midwifery Group Practice (MGP) at a birth centre and standard care (SC).

DESIGN:

a prospective non-randomised trial.

SETTING:

an Australian metropolitan hospital.

METHOD:

women at 36 weeks gestation were approached in the birth centre or hospital antenatal clinics between March and December 2008. Of 170 consecutive women who met birth centre eligibility criteria, 70% (n=119) were recruited to the study. Women (MGP n=52 or standard care n=50) were followed through to 6 weeks postpartum. Publically funded care costs were collected from women's diaries, handheld pregnancy health records, medical records and the hospital accounting system.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

health-care costs to the hospital and government.

ANALYSIS:

generalised linear models with covariates of age, nulliparity, private health insurance (yes/no) and household income category.

FINDINGS:

women receiving MGP care were less likely to experience induction of labour, required fewer antenatal visits, received more postnatal care, and neonates were less likely to be admitted to special care nursery than those receiving standard care. Statistically significant lower costs were found for women and babies receiving MGP care compared with women receiving standard care during pregnancy, labour and birth and postpartum to 6 weeks. MGP resulted in lower costs for the hospital ($AUD4,696 vs. $AUD5,521 p<0.001) and the government ($AUD4,722 vs. $AUD5,641 p<0.001). When baby costs were excluded MGP care remained statistically significantly cheaper than standard care.

CONCLUSION:

for women at low-risk of birth complications, Midwifery Group Practice was cost effective, and women experienced fewer obstetric interventions compared with standard maternity care. The evidence suggests Midwifery Group Practice is safe and economically viable.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22172743
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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