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Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Mar;24(3):e125-35. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2011.01848.x. Epub 2011 Dec 13.

Lesioning of TRPV1 expressing primary afferent neurons prevents PAR-2 induced motility, but not mechanical hypersensitivity in the rat colon.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neuroscience, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Proteinase activated receptor 2 (PAR-2) is expressed by many neurons in the colon, including primary afferent neurons that co-express transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1). Activation of PAR-2 receptors was previously found to enhance colonic motility, increase secretion and produce hypersensitivity to mechanical stimuli. This study examined the functional role of TRPV1/PAR-2 expressing neurons that innervate the colon by lesioning TRPV1 bearing neurons with the highly selective and potent TRPV1 agonist resiniferatoxin.

METHODS:

Colonic motility in response to PAR-2 activation was evaluated in vitro using isolated segments of descending colon and in vivo using manometry. Colonic mechanical nociceptive thresholds were measured using colorectal distension. Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 expressing neurons were selectively lesioned with resiniferatoxin.

KEY RESULTS:

In vitro, the PAR-2 agonists, trypsin and SLIGRL did not alter contractions of colon segments when applied alone, however, the agents enhanced acetylcholine stimulated contraction. In vivo, PAR-2 agonists administered intraluminally induced contractions of the colon and produced hypersensitivity to colorectal distention. The PAR-2 agonist enhancement of colonic contraction was eliminated when TRPV1 expressing neurons were lesioned with resiniferatoxin, but the PAR-2 agonist induced hypersensitivity remained in the lesioned animals.

CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES:

Our findings indicate that TRPV1/PAR-2 expressing primary afferent neurons mediate an extrinsic motor reflex pathway in the colon. These data, coupled with our previous studies, also indicate that the recently described colospinal afferent neurons are nociceptive, suggesting that these neurons may be useful targets for the pharmacological control of pain in diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome.

© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

PMID:
22168801
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3276722
Free PMC Article

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