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Cardiopulm Phys Ther J. 2011 Dec;22(4):12-20.

A 12-week Interdisciplinary Intervention Program for Children who are Obese.

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  • 1Associate Professor, Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, A.T. Still University, Mesa, AZ.

Abstract

Childhood obesity is a growing problem, for which multi-disciplinary interventions are needed.

PURPOSE:

This interdisciplinary intervention program was designed to improve the health of children who were obese.

METHODS:

Twenty-five children, mean age 8.1 (1.5) years; body mass index (BMI)> 98(th) percentile, and their parents completed the 12-week (3 days/wk) intervention consisting of aerobic and resistance exercise appropriate to age and developmental levels. Baseline and posttest measures of blood values, fitness, and cardiovascular risk factors were performed. Data were analyzed using paired t-tests with significance accepted at P ≤ .05.

RESULTS:

Significant differences between means (SD) for pre- and post-measurements were, respectively: BMI 30.31 (4.56), 27.80 (4.54), body-fat percent 43.7 (11.5), 40.7 (10.9), waist circumference 82.1 (7.1), 80.4(6.1) cm, calf circumference 34.2 (3.1), 35.2 (3.1) cm; step-test heart rate 137 (20), 126 (12) bpm, push-ups 1.0 (1.8), 5.6 (3.8), sit-ups 23.6 (12.7), 33.2 (13.8), sit-and-reach 35.1 (7.4), 41.2 (5.8) cm; systolic BP 102 (10), 108 (9) mmHg, glucose 4.9(0.3), 4.8 (0.4) mmol/L, total cholesterol 4.6 (1.0), 4.2 (0.8) mmol/L, ALT 41 (9), 35 (8) U/L, bilirubin 6.3 (2.4), 5.6 (2.1) μmol/L, and BUN 4.9 (1.1), 4.3 (0.9) mmol/L.

CONCLUSIONS:

This interdisciplinary intervention program positively affected the fitness and health status of children who were obese by involving the children and parents.

KEYWORDS:

cardiovascular risk factors; childhood obesity; fitness; health

PMID:
22163176
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3223421
Free PMC Article
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