Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Feb;107(2):262-72. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2011.423. Epub 2011 Dec 13.

Serum and colonic mucosal immune markers in irritable bowel syndrome.

Author information

  • 1Center for Neurobiology of Stress, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-7378, USA. linchang@ucla.edu

Erratum in

  • Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Mar;107(3):492. Karagiannidis, Iordanis [corrected to Karagiannides, Iordanis].

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Low-grade colonic mucosal inflammation has been postulated to have an important role in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The objectives of this study were (i) to identify serum and tissue-based immunological and neuroendocrine markers associated with mucosal inflammation in male (M) and female (F) patients with non-post-infectious IBS (non-PI-IBS) compared with healthy controls and (ii) to assess possible correlations of such markers with IBS symptoms.

METHODS:

Sigmoid mucosal biopsies were obtained from 45 Rome II positive IBS patients without a history of PI-IBS (26 F, 35.5% IBS-C, 33.3% IBS-D, 31.1% IBS-A/M) and 41 healthy controls (22 F) in order to measure immunological markers (serum cytokine levels, colonic mucosal mRNA levels of cytokines, mucosal immune cell counts) and neuroendocrine markers associated with mucosal inflammation (corticotropin releasing factor- and neurokinin (NK)-related ligands and receptors, enterochromaffin cells). Symptoms were measured using validated questionnaires.

RESULTS:

Of all the serum and mucosal cytokines measured, only interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA expression showed a group difference, with female, but not male, patients showing lower levels compared with female controls (18.0±2.9 vs. 29.5±4.0, P=0.006). Mucosal mRNA expression of NK-1 receptor was significantly lower (1.15±0.19 vs. 2.66±0.56, P=0.008) in female, but not male, patients compared with healthy controls. No other significant differences were observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Immune cell counts and levels of cytokines and neuropeptides that are associated with inflammation were not significantly elevated in the colonic mucosa of non-PI-IBS patients, and did not correlate with symptoms. Thus, these findings do not support that colonic mucosal inflammation consistently has a primary role in these patients. However, the finding of decreased IL-10 mRNA expression may be a possible biomarker of IBS and warrants further investigation.

Comment in

PMID:
22158028
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3297737
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (5)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk