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Antivir Ther. 2011;16(8):1317-26. doi: 10.3851/IMP1920.

Relative impact of ribavirin monitoring and HIV coinfection on sustained virological response in patients with chronic hepatitis C.

Author information

  • 1EA UPRES 3186, Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Clinique, CHU Besançon, Besançon, France. spiedoux@chu-besancon.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In chronic hepatitis C, higher ribavirin (RBV) concentrations are associated with sustained virological response (SVR); target concentration cutoffs have been proposed. As RBV displays interindividual variability, monitoring of RBV plasma levels appears relevant. The impact of RBV therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM(RBV)) on SVR has not been explored in current practice. Our study aimed to assess this impact.

METHODS:

Three patient groups were defined as RBV cutoffs achieved at week 12 (group A1), not achieved (group A2), and one without RBV concentration assessment (group B). A predictive model assessed the group impact on SVR in multivariate analysis, while adjusting for additional predictive factors. A specific evaluation of HIV-HCV-coinfected patients was performed.

RESULTS:

A total of 122 patients were included. In group A1 (n=30, HIV-positive =18), SVR, relapse and non-response rates were 60%, 17% and 23%, respectively; in group A2 (n=32, HIV-positive =18), 25%, 19% and 56%, respectively; and in group B (n=60, HIV-positive =3), 52%, 33% and 15%, respectively (P=0.0004). The patient group was an independent predictor of SVR (P=0.01), along with baseline viral load and HCV genotype. HIV coinfection did not impede the SVR rate. The cutoffs were achieved in 62% and 28% (P=0.008) of patients, when TDM(RBV) was performed or not, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The achievement of RBV cutoffs is a predictive factor of SVR independent of HIV coinfection. It makes it possible to reach high SVR rates, avoid relapse and obtain the same SVR rates in HIV-HCV-coinfected as in HCV-monoinfected patients. TDM(RBV) enables RBV concentration cutoffs to be reached more frequently and could thus be a useful tool to optimize hepatitis C treatment.

PMID:
22155913
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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