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J Korean Med Sci. 2011 Dec;26(12):1625-9. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2011.26.12.1625. Epub 2011 Nov 29.

Little impact of antiplatelet agents on venous thromboembolism after hip fracture surgery.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Abstract

Since the late 1980s, low dose aspirin has been used to prevent stroke and ischemic heart disease. However, prophylactic effect of antiplatelets against venous thromboembolism (VTE), in patients who undergo hip fracture surgery (HFS) is controversial. Our purpose was to determine the incidence of symptomatic VTE after HFS and to evaluate whether antiplatelets reduce the development of symptomatic VTE following HFS. We retrospectively reviewed 858 HFS in 824 consecutive patients which were performed from May 2003 to April 2010 at an East Asian institute. We compared the incidence of symptomatic VTE in antiplatelet users and non-users using multivariate logistic regression analyses. Overall incidences of symptomatic pulmonary embolism including fatal pulmonary embolism, and symptomatic deep vein thrombosis in this study were 2.4% (21/858), and 3.5% (30/858), respectively. The incidence of symptomatic VTE was 4.8% (12/250) in antiplatelet users and 4.3% (26/608) in non-users (P = 0.718). It is suggested that antiplatelet agents are not effective in prevention of symptomatic VTE after HFS.

KEYWORDS:

Antiplatelet Agents; Hip Fractures; Incidence; Pulmonary Embolism; Venous Thromboembolism; Venous Thrombosis

PMID:
22148001
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3230024
Free PMC Article
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