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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Jan;1819(1):78-83. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2011.11.006. Epub 2011 Nov 30.

Two mutations in the C-terminal domain of influenza virus RNA polymerase PB2 enhance transcription by enhancing cap-1 RNA binding activity.

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  • 1Unit of Viral Genome Regulation, Institut Pasteur of Shanghai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 411 Hefei Road, 200025 Shanghai, PR China.

Abstract

Influenza virus RNA polymerase (RdRp) PB2 is the cap-1 binding subunit and determines host range and pathogenicity. The mutant human influenza virus RdRp containing PB2 D701N and D701N/S714R demonstrated enhanced replicon activity in mammalian cells. We investigated the influence of these mutations on RdRp activity. Cap-1-dependent transcription activities of D701N/S714R, D701N, and S714R were 348.1±6.2%, 146.4±11%, and 250.1±0.8% of that of the wild type (wt), respectively. Replication activity of these mutants for complimentary RNA to viral RNA ranged from 44% to 53% of that of the wt. Cap-1 RNA-binding activities of D701N/S714R, D701N, and S714R were 262±25%, 257±34%, and 315±9.6% of that of the wt, respectively, and their cap-dependent endonuclease activities were similar to that of the wt. These mutations did not affect template RNA-binding activities. D701N and S714R mutations enhanced transcription by enhancing cap-1 RNA-binding activity, but they may exhibit decreased efficiency of priming by the cap-1 primer. These mutations at the C-terminal domain of PB2 may affect its cap-binding domain.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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