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Nat Commun. 2011 Dec 6;2:579. doi: 10.1038/ncomms1589.

Plasmon resonance enhanced multicolour photodetection by graphene.

Author information

  • 1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.

Abstract

Graphene has the potential for high-speed, wide-band photodetection, but only with very low external quantum efficiency and no spectral selectivity. Here we report a dramatic enhancement of the overall quantum efficiency and spectral selectivity that enables multicolour photodetection, by coupling graphene with plasmonic nanostructures. We show that metallic plasmonic nanostructures can be integrated with graphene photodetectors to greatly enhance the photocurrent and external quantum efficiency by up to 1,500%. Plasmonic nanostructures of variable resonance frequencies selectively amplify the photoresponse of graphene to light of different wavelengths, enabling highly specific detection of multicolours. Being atomically thin, graphene photodetectors effectively exploit the local plasmonic enhancement effect to achieve a significant enhancement factor not normally possible with traditional planar semiconductor materials.

PMID:
22146398
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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