Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Biol Psychol. 2012 Feb;89(2):342-8. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.11.007. Epub 2011 Dec 2.

Effort reward imbalance, and salivary cortisol in the morning.

Author information

  • 1Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Bispebjerg Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23 DK-2400 Copenhagen NV Denmark. nell0005@bbh.regionh.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Effort reward imbalance (ERI) is suggested to increase risk for stress and is hypothesized to increase cortisol levels, especially the awakening cortisol response, ACR.

METHODS:

In 2006 and 2008, 480 individuals collected saliva samples at awakening and 30 min post-awakening. Mixed effects models with subject as a random effect and appropriate covariates were used to evaluate associations between the Effort Reward Model, and salivary cortisol at awakening (S0), and ACR.

RESULTS:

ERI was negatively and significantly associated with S0 for women and positively associated with ACR. S0 and ACR increased significantly from 2006 to 2008.

CONCLUSION:

ERI was significantly associated with cortisol levels at awakening (inverse association) for women, and positively associated with ACR. The population experienced a significant increase in morning cortisol levels and ACR from 2006 to 2008, which may originate in a re-organization of the included work places.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22138366
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk