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Int J Sports Med. 2012 Jan;33(1):43-7. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1284398. Epub 2011 Dec 1.

Listening to music affects diurnal variation in muscle power output.

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  • 1Research Laboratory, Sports Performance Optimization, National Center of Medicine and Science in Sports (CNMSS), Tunis, Tunisia.


The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effects of listening to music while warming-up on the diurnal variations of power output during the Wingate test. 12 physical education students underwent four Wingate tests at 07:00 and 17:00 h, after 10 min of warm-up with and without listening to music. The warm-up consisted of 10 min of pedalling at a constant pace of 60 rpm against a light load of 1 kg. During the Wingate test, peak and mean power were measured. The main finding was that peak and mean power improved from morning to afternoon after no music warm-up (p<0.001 and p<0.01, respectively). These diurnal variations disappeared for mean power and persisted with an attenuated morning-evening difference (p<0.05) for peak power after music warm-up. Moreover, peak and mean power were significantly higher after music than no music warm-up during the two times of testing. Thus, as it is a legal method and an additional aid, music should be used during warm-up before performing activities requiring powerful lower limbs' muscles contractions, especially in the morning competitive events.

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

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