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Int Urol Nephrol. 2012 Dec;44(6):1813-23. doi: 10.1007/s11255-011-0085-9. Epub 2011 Nov 30.

Charlson comorbidity score is a strong predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients.

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  • 1Harold Simmons Center for Chronic Disease Research and Epidemiology, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, 1124 West Carson Street, C1-Annex, Torrance, CA 90502, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) is a commonly used scale for assessing morbidity, but its role in assessing mortality in hemodialysis patients is not clear. Age, a component of CCI, is a strong risk factor for morbidity and mortality in chronic diseases and correlates with comorbidities. We hypothesized that the Charlson comorbidity index without age is a strong predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients.

METHODS:

A 6-year cohort of 893 hemodialysis patients was examined for an association between a modified CCI (without age and kidney disease) (mCCI) and mortality.

RESULTS:

Patients were 53±15 years old (mean±SD), had a median mCCI score of 2, and included 47% women, 31% African Americans and 55% diabetics. After adjusting for case-mix and nutritional and inflammatory markers including C-reactive protein and interleukin-6, 2nd (mCCI: 1-2), 3rd (mCCI=3), and 4th (mCCI: 4-9) quartiles compared to 1st (mCCI=0) quartiles showed death hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) of 1.43 (0.92-2.23), 1.70 (1.06-2.72), and 2.33 (1.43-3.78), respectively. The mCCI-death association was robust in non-African Americans. The CCI-death association linearity was verified in cubic splines. Each 1 unit higher mCCI score was associated with a death hazard ratio of 1.16 (1.07-1.27).

CONCLUSIONS:

CCI independent of age is a robust and linear predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients, in particular in non-African Americans.

PMID:
22134841
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3595168
Free PMC Article

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