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Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids. 2011 Dec;30(12):1243-7. doi: 10.1080/15257770.2011.630852.

Purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency: a mutation update.

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  • 1Purine Research Laboratory, GSTS Pathology, St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

Purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNPase) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder affecting purine degradation and salvage pathways. Clinically, patients typically present with severe immunodeficiency, neurological dysfunction, and autoimmunity. Biochemically, PNPase deficiency may be suspected in the presence of hypouricemia. We report biochemical and genetic data on a cohort of seven patients from six families identified as PNPase deficient. In all patients, inosine, deoxyinosine, guanosine, and deoxyguanosine were elevated in urine, and mutation analysis revealed seven different mutations of which three were novel. The mutation c.770A>G resulted in the substitution p.His257Arg. A second novel mutation c.257A>G (p.His86Arg) was identified in two siblings and a third novel mutation, c.199C>T (p.Arg67X), was found in a 2-year-old female with delayed motor milestones and recurrent respiratory infections. A review of the literature identified 67 cases of PNPase deficiency from 49 families, including the cases from our own laboratory. PNPase deficiency was confirmed in 30 patients by genotyping and 24 disease causing mutations, including the three novel mutations described in this paper, have been reported to date. In five of the seven patients, plasma uric acid was found to be within the pediatric normal range, suggesting that PNPase deficiency should not be ruled out in the absence of hypouricemia.

PMID:
22132981
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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