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Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol. 2011 Sep;60(3):99-108.

[Vaccination against viral hepatitis A and B in adults aged over 40 years--antibody persistence and immune memory].

[Article in Czech]

Author information

  • 1Katedra epidemiologie, Fakulta vojenského zdravotnictví Univerzity obrany, Hradec Králové. chlibek@pmfhk.cz

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

Primary vaccination with combined vaccine against viral hepatitis A (VHA) and viral hepatitis B (VHB) induces higher anti-hepatitis B surface (anti-HBs) antibody responses and similar anti-hepatitis A virus (anti-HAV) antibody responses in adults aged over 40 years in comparison with concomitant monovalent vaccines against VHA and VHB. Th e objectives were to assess, in a clinical study, persistence of anti-HAV and anti-HBs antibodies in adults aged over 40 years four years after primary VHA/VHB vaccination and antibody response following a booster dose of the vaccine.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Five hundred and ninety-six subjects aged > 40 years were vaccinated with three doses of the combined VHA/VHB vaccine at Months 0, 1, 6 (HAB group) or with concomitant VHA and VHB vaccines at Months 0, 6 and 0, 1, 6 (ENG+HAV and HBVX+VAQ, respectively). Blood samples were collected one month following primary vaccination (Month 7) and then at one-year intervals for four years after the booster dose with the same vaccine as used for the primary vaccination. The anti-HBs and anti-HAV antibody levels were determined prior to the booster dose and at days 14 and 30 after the booster dose.

RESULTS:

At Month 7, > 97% of study subjects were seropositive for anti-HAV antibodies in all groups analyzed. Four years after primary vaccination, anti-HAV antibody seropositivity persisted in > 93% of study subjects, increasing to > 99% after the booster dose. At Month 7, the highest proportion of study subjects with anti-HBs antibody levels > or = 10 mIU/ml was found in the HAB group (91.7% versus 79.7% in the ENG+HAV group versus 71.0% in the HBVX+VAQ group). Four years after vaccination, anti-HBs antibody levels of 10 mIU/ml persisted in 57.1% of the HAB study subjects in comparison with 40.1% and 26.6% of the study subjects in the ENG+HAV and HBVX+VAQ groups, respectively. One month after the booster dose, anti-HBs antibody levels increased and antibody levels > or = 10 mIU/ml was achived in 95.2% of study subjects in the HAB group, 90.5% in the ENG+HAV group and 85.3% in the HBVX+VAQ group.

CONCLUSION:

In the adults aged over 40 years, an adequate anti-HAV antibody response persisted for at least four years after vaccination and was higher and more sustained in those who received the combined HAB vaccine. A strong antibody response to the booster dose indicative ofthe presence of immune memory was seen in all study groups.

PMID:
22132651
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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