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Schizophr Res. 2012 Feb;134(2-3):187-94. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2011.10.022. Epub 2011 Nov 30.

Does long-acting injectable risperidone make a difference to the real-life treatment of schizophrenia? Results of the Cohort for the General study of Schizophrenia (CGS).

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  • 1Equipe d'accueil 'Pharmacoépidémiologie et maladies infectieuses', 5 rue du Docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France.



The primary aim of this study was to compare the impact of risperidone long-acting injectable (R-LAI) to other antipsychotics on rates of hospitalisation in real-life settings.


The Cohort for the General study of Schizophrenia (CGS) followed 1859 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia (DSM-IV) from 177 psychiatric wards of public and private hospitals across France over a mean period of 12months. These patients were ambulatory or had been hospitalised for less than 93days at study entry. Recruitment was stratified for long-acting second-generation antipsychotic use. A multivariate Poisson regression adjusted for confounding with propensity scores and allowing for autocorrelation was used for the calculation of relative rates of hospitalisation with 95% confidence intervals.


The mean age of participants was 37.65years, 68.3% were male and 36.7% were hospitalised for less than 93days at study entry. Altogether, participants accumulated 796 hospital stays (53.4 per 100 person-years). R-LAI patients were slightly younger and had been hospitalised more often in the past 12months compared to non-R-LAI users. The adjusted Poisson regression analysis showed R-LAI use to be associated with a lower rate of future hospitalisation: 0.66 [0.46-0.96] compared to non-R-LAI use, and 0.53 [0.32-0.88] compared to use of other LAIs.


Use of R-LAI was associated with lower rates of hospitalisation compared to non-use of R-LAI.

Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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