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J Immunotoxicol. 2012 Jan-Mar;9(1):25-33. doi: 10.3109/1547691X.2011.609191. Epub 2011 Nov 30.

Effect of Aerva lanata on cell-mediated immune responses and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte generation in normal and tumor-bearing mice.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, Amala Cancer Research Centre, Amala Nagar, Thrissur, Kerala, India.


Cell-mediated immunity offers protection against virus-infected cells and tumor cells, involves activation of natural killer (NK) cells, production of antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, and release of various cytokines in response to an antigen. Administration of an ethanolic extract of Aerva lanata was found to stimulate cell-mediated immunological responses in normal and tumor-bearing BALB/c mice. A significant enhancement in NK cell activity in both normal and tumor-bearing hosts was observed after administration of A. lanata. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and antibody-dependent complement-mediated cytotoxicity (ACC) were significantly enhanced as well in both sets of treated hosts. In addition, in vivo production of IL-2 and IFNg were each significantly enhanced by extract treatment. The stimulatory effect of A. lanata on cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) production was determined by Winn's neutralization assay using CTL-sensitive EL4 thymoma cells. A. lanata treatment caused a significant increase in CTL production in both in vivo and in vitro models, in each case as indicated by a significant increase in the life-spans of tumor-injected mice. Taken together, all of these results in the murine model indicate that administration of an ethanolic extract of A. lanata could enhance the cell-mediated anti-tumor response.

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